An AutoML Approach for the Prediction of Fluid Intelligence from MRI-Derived Features


We propose an AutoML approach for the prediction of fluid intelligence from T1-weighted magnetic resonance images. We extracted 122 features from MRI scans and employed Sequential Model-based Algorithm Configuration to search for the best prediction pipeline, including the best data pre-processing and regression model. In total, we evaluated over 2600 prediction pipelines. We studied our final model by employing results from game theory in the form of Shapley values. Results indicate that predicting fluid intelligence from volume measurements is a challenging task with many challenges. We found that our final ensemble of 50 prediction pipelines associated larger parahippocampal gyrus volumes with lower fluid intelligence, and higher pons white matter volume with higher fluid intelligence.
Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development Neurocognitive Prediction Challenge (ABCD-NP-Challenge)
Sebastian Pölsterl
Post-Doctoral Researcher

My research interests include machine learning for time-to-event analysis, non-Euclidean data, and biomedical applications.