Prediction of Fluid Intelligence from T1-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Images

Abstract

We study predicting fluid intelligence of 9–10 year old children from T1-weighted magnetic resonance images. We extract volume and thickness measurements from MRI scans using FreeSurfer and the SRI24 atlas. We empirically compare two predictive models: (i) an ensemble of gradient boosted trees and (ii) a linear ridge regression model. For both, a Bayesian black-box optimizer for finding the best suitable prediction model is used. To systematically analyze feature importance our model, we employ results from game theory in the form of Shapley values. Our model with gradient boosting and FreeSurfer measures ranked third place among 24 submissions to the ABCD Neurocognitive Prediction Challenge. Our results on feature importance could be used to guide future research on the neurobiological mechanisms behind fluid intelligence in children.
Publication
Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development Neurocognitive Prediction Challenge (ABCD-NP-Challenge)
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Sebastian Pölsterl
Post-Doctoral Researcher

My research interests include machine learning for time-to-event analysis, non-Euclidean data, and biomedical applications.